Canadian Center for Alternatives to Animal Methods (CCAAM), University of Windsor. CCAAM and the Canadian Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (CaCVAM) aim to develop, validate, and promote non-animal, human biology-based platforms in biomedical research, education, and chemical safety testing.
Canadian Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (CaCVAM), University of Windsor. The overarching goal of CaCVAM is to work in partnership with Canadian regulators—primarily Health Canada—to expedite the development, validation, and regulatory acceptance of new approach methodologies (alternatives to animal testing) to modernize toxicity testing in Canada.
Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT), Johns Hopkins University
Center for Animal Alternatives Information, University of California, Davis
Society for In Vitro Biology (SIVB)
3R Research Foundation (Switzerland)
3Rs-Centre Utrecht Life Sciences (The Netherlands)
Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing – Europe (CAAT-Europe) (Germany)
Centre for Documentation and Evaluation of Alternatives to Animal Experiments (ZEBET) Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) (Germany)
CZECOPA (Czech Republic)
Dr Hadwen Trust (UK)
EUROTOX: Federation of European Toxicologists & European Societies of Toxicology